Samir I. Mostafa Prototype for developing Systems Thinking Skills among Student

Abstract: Here we deal with the system and its applications in teaching and learning through the presentation of the principles and methods of representation of some of the lessons for school students in various stages using the theoretical concept of systems thinking and its different rules of representation, which already have been discussed in a previous article. Therefore, this article shall be considered an extension of the previous article entitled "systemic thinking between theory and practice in teaching and learning," where we establish the theoretical framework of systems thinking with its components and definitions, tools, and its relationship to systemic thinking as the researcher sees it. The importance of this article is that it sets specific rules for learning system thinking skills through the teaching of science with identifying the elements of systemic thinking and by linking its elements with cognitive thinking skills. By displaying the characteristics and habits of systems thinker with models and methodologies of of systems thinking and system dynamics, and analysis of other thinking skills the article presents a new model for learning system thinking through a multi-faceted methodology based on a comprehensive unified methodology.  This can be applied in our schools from the fourth year (or even before) and even end of the secondary stage.