Digital Transformation:

Since the launch of this website in December 2005, its main message has been that the success of employing information technology depends on the extent of change in the administrative structure of institutions, especially in two main areas:

  1. Organizational Structure
  2. Elements of Corporate Culture
While highlighting the importance of the role of the systems analyst in managing this transformation, the pages of the site were concerned with providing a full explanation of the elements of this change with the accompanying tools and methodologies. During the following years, the use of information technology spread in many aspects of life and the local utilization of this technology became a global demand. The United Nations Organization had adopted this wave and worked to encourage countries to launch initiatives to adopt electronic solutions for the work of their governments, which was later known as the shift towards e-government or the use of information technology to improve services provided by states to their citizens. The concept of e-government as appeared at that time was limited to the use of Internet applications to deal with citizens with the aim of facilitating financial and administrative transactions 2002 Global E-Government Monitoring Report" The increase in countries initiatives to shift towards e-government, with the breakthrough in communications technology, has helped to deepen many of the social and cultural transformations that accompanied these initiatives until it eventually led to the formation of new waves of this transformation known as digital transformation. In 2015, the World Trade Conference, during its regular meeting, adopted the digital transformation initiative, which aims to "support cooperation between the government sector and the private sector in the belief that digital transformation efforts will unleash new levels of prosperity for industry and society"; You can visit the website of the global conference to learn about the aspects of this initiative through the It is clear that digital transformation will lead to the emergence of new types of applications (such as applications of artificial intelligence, the Internet of things, and cloud computing, for example) and the decline of other types (such as mainframes) click here .
Evolution of Digital Technology:

Risks Facing Digital Transformation Projects:
Despite this spread of digital technology and the efforts that are pumped into this transformation, the adoption of these new concepts faces great challenges at the official and popular levels, as many studies indicated that the risks of digital transformation represent the first source of concern for most executives and heads of companies. One of these Studies show that during this year alone, more than 70% of all digital transformation initiatives did not achieve their goals. in the Harvard Scientific Bulletin indicated that the spending on digital transformation initiatives during the past year amounted to about $1.3 trillion, and the cost of failed projects reached nearly $900 billion. technology first.
Digital Transformation and technologies:
As the following video of an IT expert in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, engineer Sami Al-Hussain, points out, purchasing the latest devices and technologies does not guarantee the success of digital transformation projects

The digital transformation that we seek must reflect a real transformation in the institutional culture and behavior of employees by focusing on the use of informatics concepts in their work and areas of their lives, which differs from automation and digitization. With the digital transformation, the use of the mobile phone may become a way of life and a tool for dealing with paying bills, following up on bank accounts, tracking road maps, booking plane tickets and other aspects of life, and not only for conducting mobile telephone conversations or transmitting pictures of events electronically, and with this digital awareness of the user it is imperative that the state must change the pattern of procedures and transactions with its citizens to comply with these new concepts, which is what this website has adopted since its launch 18 years ago. We can now see new concepts such as:

  • digital policy
  • direct digital democracy
  • digital democracy
  • open democracy
  • digital election
  • fluid democracy
  • digital management
  • digital activist
  • digital electronic governement
  • digital village
  • digital city

Countries efforts and strategies to achieve this transformation vary, as India has achieved a real boom in digital transformation, which began with the launch of the Indian Prime Minister on July 1, 2015, thedigital India Which aims to transform India into a digital country, starting in 2020, and Egypt is also trying to catch up with this movement that started in the eighties of the last century.

Objectives and Indicators of Digital Transformation:

The United Nations annually monitors, in detailed reports, the success rate of countries in achieving the requirements and conditions for the application of digital technology, and has developed indicators to measure the rates of this success by describing a number of goals that must be achieved by the application of digital technology. These goals are:

  • Offer better service for citizens
  • Establish transperancy and accountability
  • Enables people and cetizens through information
  • Improve effeciency of governement units
  • Improve interactins between governemen unit and business men
  • Facilitate interaction between government departments and institutions and various stakeholders

It is clear that achieving these goals requires an information structure in addition to devices and electronics. These objectives have been formulated in a general indicator for each country, known as the "e-Government Development Index (EGDI)", which is used to rank countries worldwide. The following chart gives the ranking of countries according to this indicator during 2014:

Ranking of nations in digital transformation implementation during 2014

(EGDI) reflects development of digital infrastructure in 4 key values as:

Change of Egypt ranking among other nations (EGDI)
changes in the 4 key indicators for Egypt in year 2003
Systems analyst and digital transformation:

It has become clear that digital transformation will be the last and decisive battle to catch up with the twenty-first century, and with the multiplicity of paths of this transformation, and in light of this huge number of approaches and methodologies of change, each of which requires careful and in-depth studies that affect the cultural and behavioral aspect of workers in institutions and citizens who are expected to be affected by these new implementations, the roles of the systems analyst become extremely important and irreplaceable. Manager alone with their classical qualifications cannot carry out these tasks, relying on his subordinates and assistants having the same old organizational habits and structures, using the same work procedures and controls. Every organization needs, during this battle, to develop system analyst professional in each team of employees in all department sugjected to this transformation project. Those analysts who see organization’s problems every day, lived in them and coexisted with them will be qualified to identify and specify depatment problems and set the stage to mathodology implementation path, and this the which cannot never accomplised with the external contractor or bringing bringing ready-made solutions.

System Analysis and Design:

System analysis and design are concerned with the investigation of an organization and the design and implementation of a computerized solution to that organization needs. To analyze a system is to identify its components (devices, people, rules and procedures) and their interrelationships in order to determine its objectives, requirements, and priorities. The analyst must find ways of representing organization as a whole system, taking into consideration any economic behavioral and technical constraints. To know more about systems analyst job from the internet click here. and visit the international institute of business analysis(IIBa).